Mixed migration refers to flows of people including forced migrants and voluntary economic migrants. The Yemen MMTF seeks to ensure that mixed migrants are able to move in a safe and dignified manner, free from human rights abuses during travel and upon arrival to the shores of Yemen, and that the basic needs of these new arrivals are met.
To this end, the Yemen MMTF works to ensure a comprehensive and coordinated response by all concerned stakeholders to the protection and humanitarian needs of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arriving on Yemen’s shores from the Horn of Africa.
Its objectives are:
- Develop an inter-agency strategic framework for effective humanitarian interventions with respect to mixed migration in Yemen
- Guide Yemen’s UN country team, International NGO forum and other stakeholders in a comprehensive operational response to the mixed migration flow
- Provide information and advice on mixed migration to the Government of Yemen and other stakeholders
- Define an advocacy and capacity building strategy focusing on enhancing awareness of and capacity in addressing mixed migration to Yemen
- Strengthen inter-country initiatives and promote a regional approach to mixed migration, notably through information sharing and joint planning
The Mixed Migration Task Force (MMTF) for Yemen is a forum which unites the organizations focused on the protection of vulnerable migrants and which aids the Government in meeting the gaps in the management of mixed migrants. The MMTF was established in June 2008 under the auspices of the UN Country Team (UNCT) and it follows a rights-based strategy. Its core task is to ensure a comprehensive coordinated response to the protection and humanitarian needs of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arriving at Yemen shores.
The MMTF was set up following the Regional Conference on Refugee Protection and International Migration in the Gulf of Aden which was held in May 2008 in Sana’a, Yemen. The conference was convened by UNHCR in cooperation with Somalia’s Mixed Migration Task Force, and was funded by the European Commission which has expressed a key interest in mixed migration from the Horn of Africa (HoA) to Yemen and beyond. The main objective of the conference was to contribute to establishing a regional plan of action on refugee protection and mixed migration in the Gulf of Aden region. Representatives from both sides of the Gulf of Aden made recommendations on how best to meet these challenges and how cross-regional cooperation could be improved.
The creation of the Yemen MMTF is an outcome of this conference, as well as a response to the massive humanitarian and protection needs of mixed migrants coming from the Horn of Africa to Yemen.
The Yemen MMTF is jointly chaired by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The Danish Refugee Council holds the secretariat for the group. INTERSOS, the Society for Humanitarian Solidarity (SHS), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP), Save the Children Sweden, the Yemen Red Crescent, Care International and the Government of Yemen are all current members.
The operation of the MMTF is supported by funding from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), UNHCR and IOM.